The 29th day of March

Sri Aurobindo 7AB


The 29th day of March


A hundred years back, on the 29th day of March, 1914, Mirra Alfassa, later known as The Mother, met Sri Aurobindo. She wrote in Prayers and Meditations on the next day:

Gradually the horizon becomes distinct, the path grows clear, and we move towards a greater and greater certitude.
It matters little that there are thousands of beings plunged in the densest ignorance, He whom we saw yesterday is on earth; his presence is enough to prove that a day will come when darkness shall be transformed into light, and Thy reign shall be indeed established upon earth.
O Lord, Divine Builder of this marvel, my heart overflows with joy and gratitude when I think of it, and my hope has no bounds.
My adoration is beyond all words, my reverence is silent.

If we see from a truly historical viewpoint, unbiased and liberated from the ordinary way of thinking and understanding, we will realize that this has been a day of the greatest possible significance and importance for the mankind and its future, for the earth and its future.
They are the two Persons who realized the Supermind and caused the Descent of the Supramental Consciousness. Prior to Them, none else endeavored for reaching or bringing down the Supramental Consciousness. The words the Supramental Consciousness or Supermind were first used and defined by Sri Aurobindo. He also used the words Gnosis and Truth-Consciousness mean Supermind. But the Idea or the conception was not quite new. According to Sri Aurobindo, the Vedas contain the gospels of the divine and immortal Supermind in a concealed way.

In Taittiriya Upanishad, it has been said: Annam brahma — the Matter is Brahman. [Annam brahmeti vyājanat — he knew the Matter to be the Eternal Absolute] Likewise, it is also said there: prāno [Life] brahma, mano [Mind] brahma, vijnānam brahma and ānandam [Bliss] brahma. Vijnana is Supermind. Supermind is also termed rtachit or Truth-Consciousness.
In this regard, M Alan Kazlev says: “Vijnana loka” is the Supermind proper – in Sri Aurobindo’s reading of the Taittiriya Upanishad, vijnana is not intuitive or inner mind as it is in the conventional vedantic (especially advaitin) interpretation in terms of koshas, but the Supramental purusha which is still to be actualized, and will be as part of the process of Supramentalization. [Kheper Website]

It may be emphasized that not much of efforts were made, earlier to Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, to reach Supermind or to cause its Descent on earth. It was said that on reaching and realizing the height of Vijnana, the Supramental Consciousness, one’s body would not last more than forty days.

Possibly, the human body was not yet then ready for the Adventure. But now things have changed, after the Supramental Descent on earth, caused by The Mother on the 29th day of February 1956.

It was an adventurous action on the part of Sri Aurobindo that He reached, realized and received the Supramental Consciousness that descended on the 5th day of December 1950. And He did so at the cost of His physical Existence.


Sri Aurobindo states that Supermind is the creator of the universe, and not any Overmental God or Force.

Sri Aurobindo has also described the nature of Supermind to be an ultimate knowledge and knowing power. According to Him, Mind is a lesser power of Supermind and is derived from the latter. However, Mind is a plane necessary in the Evolution, as designed by the Supreme Consciousness. He also says that the human beings are capable of experiencing and realizing the ultimate cognitive and creative capacity that Supermind is.

He also states that through Evolution of consciousness, Man can rise from Mind to a higher, spiritualized Mind [namely, the Higher Mind, the Illumined Mind, the Intuitive Mind and Overmind] and even further, until he reaches and realizes the Supramental.

In the onward journey of Ascension, before reaching the Supramental Consciousness, generally, one has to realize and surpass the various planes of Mind, as described above, — from the Higher Mind to Overmind. According to Sri Aurobindo, Overmind is the plane of Gods and Goddesses. This is the highest consciousness within the mental system. As Man progresses higher and higher in Consciousness, he has the scope of experiencing and surpassing these planes of Mind, until he reaches Overmind. And thereafter, there comes the possibility of the Supramental Realization and Descent and Transformation. If we rise in consciousness, we can grow and develop the supramental capacity of knowledge. Moreover, as a consequence of acquiring the capacity for integral knowledge, we will have the infinite capacity to create in life, just as Supermind itself is able to do as the Creator.


Sri Aurobindo’s departure was a Sacrifice for the noblest cause of letting the Supramental Consciousness and Force descend on earth for the Supramentalization of the earth-consciousness and for evolutionary progress beyond Man, so that the earth changes from a vale of tears to an abode of Joy and Light and creativity. That was the beginning.

In the words of K D Sethna, the physical departure of Sri Aurobindo “reveals itself as an extreme measure freely adopted, for reasons of his own, in significant yet never dominant mortal detail by one who, after having ascended in consciousness to a new and hitherto unmanifested power of the Divine Reality, sought to effect a descent of it for earth’s complete perfection, including a transformation of the very body of man. The spiritual perfectionist found at a critical turn of his battle with entrenched powers of darkness in earth’s being that to take his own semi-transformed body through the process of a death at once normal and supernormal was a paradoxical short-cut towards the revolutionary evolution of humanity into divinity that was his aim.

The Departure of Sri Aurobindo effected a realization of a New Consciousness and Force in the very Person of The Mother: the Mind of Light got realized in Her. And that caused to open the doors of the greatest Hope for Mankind: the Hope for the Supramentalization.

The Mother says:
“As soon as Sri Aurobindo withdrew from his body, what he has called the Mind of Light got realised in me.”
“The Supermind had descended long ago – very long ago – into the mind and even into the vital: it was working in the physical also but indirectly through those intermediaries. The question was about the direct action of the Supermind in the physical. Sri Aurobindo said it could be possible only if the physical mind received the supramental light: the physical mind was the instrument for direct action upon the most material. This physical mind receiving the supramental light Sri Aurobindo called the Mind of Light.”

And what has seemed to us to be The Mother’s Departure is but a transition — The Mother left Her human frame and walked into the newly formed Supramental Body, which is but an individual manifestation of the Supramental Consciousness and Force into a New Body, still invisible to the ordinary human eye.

Prior to the coming of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother on earth, these were all unheard and unattempted Ideas and Truths. The sole aim of all spiritual endeavors till then was to go back to the Origin, to have Nirvana or Moksha or to go back to the Heaven.

Sri Aurobindo and The Mother have changed the Aim, the Goal, changed the approach, and changed the Way. The Aim is a New World, where imperfections will be no more there, no more will be Darkness and inconscience and ignorance and inertia, Death and diseases and sufferings, limitations and divisions. The Goal is the New World — the Supramental World, after a total and integral transformation of the old earth and the old humanity. The approach is new, as the seeker no more thinks of any return to the Origin, of any Nirvana or Moksha, of any withdrawal from and non-participation in the Cosmic Manifestation. As we have seen, a desertion of the Society and the World, a so-called “renunciation” and relinquishment, is no more the approach and the Goal. Going back to the origin, beyond the Manifestation, renouncing the World for an individual Moksha or Nirvana is no more the Goal, the Task. And the Way is evolutionary, integral, and all-aspected. As is well-known, Sri Aurobindo has said: “All life is Yoga.”

Integral Yoga, as given to us by The Master and The Mother, is not limited to, and only begins with the individual realization.

In this connection, The Mother says: “For this transformation to succeed, all human beings — even all living beings as well as their material environment — must be transformed…. Not only an individual or a group of individuals, or even all individuals, but life…has to be transformed. Without such a transformation we shall continue having the same misery, the same calamities and the same atrocities in the world. A few individuals will escape from it by their psychic development, but the general mass will remain in the same state of misery.”


The Master has said: “Man is a transitional being.” This is because Man is an evolutionary being is a part of an Evolution. The Cosmic or Universal Manifestation is an evolution of what is involved. And what is involved is the principle of Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, Sat-chit-ānanda [Sachchidānanda], the Divine, the Brahman, the Supreme. The Existence-Consciousness-Bliss willed to become Many — “Eko<ham, bahu syāma.” The Many are now manifested, through and after a long process of Evolution, as the human beings.
And Man is yet to manifest in him the perfection of the Sachchidānanda, the Divine. And that is the purpose and the Aim of the New Way of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.
And it should be borne in mind that long before The Mother walked into the New Body, She has caused the Descent of the Supramental Consciousness on earth on the 29th day of February 1956, as mentioned earlier. Let me quote the oft-quoted message of the Mother from Mother’s Agenda Vol.1:

First Supramental Manifestation
(During the common meditation on Wednesday
The 29th February 1956)
This evening the Divine Presence, concrete and material, was present amongst you. I had the form of a living gold, bigger than the universe, and I was facing a huge and massive golden door, which separated the world from the Divine.
As I looked at the door, I knew and willed in a single movement of consciousness, that ‘the time has come’, and lifting with both hands a mighty golden hammer I struck one blow on the door and the door was shattered to pieces.
And then the supramental Light and Force and Consciousness rushed down upon earth in an uninterrupted flow.

Things are now ready or the Mankind to attain the willed pogress and transformaion. The Mankind has to arise to the occasion. The Truth of the possibility of the coming of the New Race of “Supermen” has to be accepted and lived. This is not the question of any blind faith. This is an evolutionary Truth, a scientific Truth which is also a spiritual Truth, a Truth of the Science of Consciousness.

Individually, we shall have to will for the transmutation, for the transformation of our mind, life and body — with the specific stress on the transformation of the body. For my will is the First step of the Divine’s Will, as the Master has said.


The meeting of The Master and The Mother on the 29th March 1914 has resulted with and created a Hope, the greatest possible Hope, for us — the Mankind : the Hope for a New World. That is the purpose of Their coming on earth among us, the Mankind, and that is the purpose of Their meeting.

The incarnate dual Power shall open God’s door,
Eternal supermind touch earthly Time.
The superman shall wake in mortal man
And manifest the hidden demigod
Or grow into the God-Light and God-Force
Revealing the secret deity in the cave.
[Savitri, Bk XI Co I]

Barindranath Chaki

[Slightly adapted from a previous writing and publication of mine.]







Triple Ascension

Triple Ascension : Priti Ghosh: Sri Aurobindo Ashram




Sri Aurobindo said in His poem Evolution :

O Thou who climbest to mind from the dull stone

Turn to the miracled summits still unwon.

The first half of Evolution has been before us , the human beings — we have grown, step by step from  Matter, which is described by Sri Aurobindo as “dull stone” — we have maneuvered to become the humans through the prolonged and difficult course of Evolution —from the stone to thehuman. That is the story of the Advent of Man, amidst the stone and the plants and the animals.  

And now, there are the new summits before us, which are still unwon — the summits of consciousness and existence :we shall have to face andconquer the new summits beyond the human existence andthe human consciousness. We need to conquer the new heights of Consciousness,beyond all our limitations, all our present imperfections and incapacities, all our ignorance and darkness, and we need to have the miraculous capacities to transform ourselves for the New Creation, for the Advent of the New Man, the Superman, the Supramental Being.

Thatis the Truth — either we willhave to achieve it or we will have tolose the struggle of existence and be doomed to the Abyss. That is what The Mother has said to us :

Men, countries, continents,

The choice is imperative — Truth or Abyss.


Inspite of all the imperfections and ignorance and darkness in Man, inspite of all the prevalence and the pull and push of the animal naturein Man, since the early beginning of his civilization,he has an opening and an asking for the Divine, for the Supreme. He has always tried to have contact with some higher consciousness and force, however crude and incomplete the attempts for the contact may be. This tendency in him might have given rise to many a superstition, but it has also given rise to some great religions, which have led men to live some nobler and higher lives.

But in the religions, there were and are attempts by the incomplete and imperfect mind to suitably wrap up with ignorance and darkness the highest contact and the highest sentiments and emotions and ideas and thoughts within us. It was the lesser men, living in limitations and imperfections, who started managing the religions and the rules thereof and the do’s and the don’ts. Men have been seeking to go to heaven, orto go for Nirvana or Moksha, making the human existence, as it were, a meaningless, purposeless, aimless play of the Supreme.

In the name of the religions, nowthe humanity is divided. Hatred and cruelty and division are now in force inplace of Love and humanism and oneness. The Divine is far away, and the Divine Life is a distant impossiblity.

In the plane of Mind, thus, we are now in a fix. We shall have to go beyond it to find the true meaning and useand purpose of the human life and existence and also of the Mind itself.

And we should remember what The Mother has told: The Age of religion isover. Keeping aside the religious conflicts and debates, we shall have to go beyond the mental limitations and ascend the higher ranges of consciousness.


We need to ascend the heights of the higher ranges of Mind — of the HigherMind, the Illumined Mind, the IntuitiveMind , the Overmind — theascend the heights of  the Gnosis, the Supramental Consciousness. Andbefore all these Ascents are made, we shall tohave to discover andknow the truth in us, the Psychic Being.

That is the Task that we shall haveto undertake, because, that is theTruth. The Spirit, involved in the Stone, hasbecome Man, and now hasto evolve further and manifest Itself.

The Mother has prayed before the Supreme, for all of us :

Lord, we are upon earth to accomplish Thy work of transformation. It is oursole will, our sole preoccupation. Grant that it may be also our sole occupation and that all our actions may help us towards this single goal.

Evolutionis the Work of the Divine,the Supreme. The Supreme, the ExistenceConsciousness Bliss has become the Stone, the principle of Matter,through Involution. And from that stage, began the return journey ofthe Supreme — from Matter to the Supreme Consciousness again. And Manhas come into existence, in course of the Evolution in the return journey of the Supreme Consciousness. That is the Play of theSupreme,which is also His Work.


But in Evolution, the One willed tobecome the Many and has become so.

It is the Will of the Supreme thatcreated the Manifestation. In words, it may be said that he thought : “Ekoham,bahu syama.” [ I am alone, and shall become many.]  When theExistence-Consciousness became many, countless many, and each of the many is a Soul, or the atman in Sanskrit, which is a part and portion of the Supreme Consciousness, the Divine —a part who is one with the Whole, whocan be the Whole also, who can unite with the Whole. 

Sri Aurobindo has used the word ‘the psychic being’ in expressingtheactive aspect of the ‘soul’ in Man. The psychic being is evoled only inthehuman being, as it has to participate and lead in the next evolution beyondMind. Sri Aurobindo says :

The soul … … is something that comes down into birth and passes through death – although it does not itself die, forit is immortal – from onestate to another, from the earth plane to other planes and back again to the earth-existence. It goes on with this progression fromlife tolife through an evolution which leads it up to the human state and evolves through it all a being of itself which we call the psychic being that supports the evolution and develops a physical, a vital, a mental human consciousness as its instruments of world-experience and of a disguised, imperfect, but growing self-expression. All this it does from behind a veilshowing something of its divine self only in sofar as the imperfection of the instrumental being will allow it. But a time comes when it is able to prepare tocome out from behind the veil,to take command and turn all the instrumental nature towards a divine fulfilment. This is the beginning of the true spirituallife. The soul is able now to make itself ready for a higher evolution of manifested consciousness than the mental human. [Letters on Yoga — SriAurobindo]


The Divine has began His returnMarch from the Stone and has reached the stage of the Human. And now the humanbeing  has to collaborate with the Divine to manifest the Divine in Manyas the Supramental Race.

Now, ignorance, darkness, diseases and Death shall be conquered, as they belong to the falsehood. That is the Divine Will.

The Mother had prayed :

The hour has come when a choice hasto be made, radical and definitive.Lord, give us the strength to reject falsehood and emerge in Thy truth,pure and worthy of Thy victory….

As ordinary human beings, we areleading ourselves to the Abyss, as we aredeeply engrossed with our lowestemotions, passions, pre-occupationsand occupations, as we are thoroughly involved with our fears and distrust and gross indulgence. Even if we got some Light of Faith andof Ideas and Thought, we bring in Darkness though the quarrels of religions, old and new, through the political labyrinths which mutilate and imprison the Ideas and the Thoughts. Often we close our eyes totheLight, often we shut up our inner windows when we hear the Call. Welendourselves to be controlled and managed by the Asura.

The Mother has further said:

The Asura is the force of falsehood,antidivine, which reigns as sovereignover the physical world; his influence isfelt everywhere, it is ineverything in Matter. But the time has now come whenthe separation,the purification, can be made, the falsehood, the Asuricinfluence,rejected and there can be an exclusive living in the Divine Truth.


Sri Aurobindo has also summarised beautifully how the Ascent, the Next Evoultion will lead Man to the Transformation.

Earth was a cradle for the arriving god

And man but a half-dark half-luminous sign

Of the transition of the veiled Divine

From Matter’s sleep and the tormented load

Of ignorant life and death to the Spirit’s light.

Mind liberated swam Light’s ocean vast,

And life escaped from its greytortured line;

I saw Matter illumining its parentNight.

[Evolution : SriAurobindo]               


The Supramental Being is the arriving God, the Divine, and the human beingis the sign, the evolved reality,that is the instrument of the Divine.In Man, there is only a partial Light. Heis not fully illumined. The arriving God, which is the veiled Divine, is thereto bring aTransition from the Matter in sleep to the Light of the Spirit.When Mind will then be liberated — it will then swim the vast ocean of The Spirit, the Divine Consciousness. Life will also be freed from all the torture it has been tolerating all along. And even Matter will illumine its darkness.

This is in short the Message of Hopefor Man, when he ascends.


About the message “Truth or Abyss,” The Mother has further said :

The message is only for those whoare still asleep and quite satisfied with their   sleep.

We find that still the majority ofthe mankind is asleep, asleep indarkness and ignorance with all satisfaction.Man is yet in an imprisonment of the ignorant senses and blind and limited and blocked thoughts and ideas, without any aspiration, any hope, any light,withoutany vision, any seeking, satisfied with the animal  indulgences and thelimited ego and death and darkness and division.

The Truth is that we shall have to aspire and endeavour for the Ascent, we shall have to prepare ourselves and be ready for the Ascent, we shall have to stop remaining satisfied with our present state of being immersed in gross indulgence and inner blindness andblockedconsciousness, of being involved with hatred and jealousy and greed and violence, of being conquered by darkness and ignorance and death.

If we accept the Truth, we areopening the gates of great possibilities. The Mother says : Thiswonderful world of delight waiting at our gates for our call, to come down upon earth…  

We shall have to accept this Truth.Otherwise the Abyss is sure.  To stop remaining the grossly animal man, immersed in darkness and narrowness and hatred and violence, that is what isdesired. Our Aspiration should be for The Ascent.


Barindranath  Chaki

[Written on 25-11-2008 and posted elsewhere.  Posted in The New Reflections on 13-05-2012 ]


The New Race

The New Race


The very true inner Spirit of India —not the political or geographical India —has the Message: Thou art That, tattvamasi. The Divine — Sat-chit-ananda [Sachchidananda], Existence-Consciousness-Bliss — is within each of us, the human beings. The very essence of India’s message is to lead the World, lead the humanity towards the Supreme Truth, the Supreme Realization.

Indeed, the Divine is everywhere, in all things. All that is, is God. Sarvam khalvidam brahma. The Divine is the only thing that exists, in essence and That has become the Many. He is the Supreme and He (or She, as you like it) is in all. He is in all and He is All. These are not merely words or simple ideas, but the expressions of Truth.

But it is a latent Truth. In the present level of Consciousness the human beings are in, this Idea may seem to be a Hope only, or a lofty Imagination, or a Dream, or for some, a “so-called” Truth, something, practically “meaningless”. And to some, where the height and depth of imagination and thinking is not sufficient and who live only amid what senses give us, this may even seem to be some sort of amusement.

The Task before each human being, truly, is to realize this Truth, within his or her inner Consciousness, in a Consciousness deeper than our presently active consciousness, within the heart-centre.

That is the Message, or the beginning of the Message, that the inner Spirit of India has for the World.


Tattvamasi or Thou art That is Vedic Truth. And that is also the Message of Sri Aurobindo. The Vedic truth is there on earth since, at least, last twelve thousand years, as some scholars have said. It may even be earlier.

The Idea of “Tattvamasi” is in India since then, and some persons have lived to realize this Truth, but they have taken the Path of Moksha. For some, the Realization was of a “Nothing” that is beyond all and they have taught was about Nirvāna.

But the majority of the people lived and remained in the ordinary external consciousness, and even if some of them had borne with them the Idea of “Tattvamasi”, they did not do much to realize the Truth and progress with it. There were some spiritual Masters who tried their best to lead the people to the Realization, but the people remained in semi-darkness, as usual.

The ordinary human consciousness has continued to live with Mind, partly enlightened with Reason and Ethics and half-open Love, and they continued to live with animal passions and ignorance and upheavals and activities moved by blind forces.


Human Aspiration, in spite of all the Ignorance and Darkness and Denseness, cannot be satisfied fully with the opening of the Psychic Being.  Of course, the Psychic Opening is a must for the human beings. That is the Gate of the Divine Becoming. But that is not all. Man has to go further and transmute his nature, following the Nature’s deepest and highest indications and urges, which follow the Will of the Supreme towards His own Manifestations — on the Way of the Next Evolution. The Psychic is then liberated from the Darkness and Denseness and Inertia and Ignorance, but those will still continue in the human being, in the human body and the lower vital and the ignorant mind, even after the Psychic Opening! Sadhana or spiritual discipline may have a great control and mastery over all these elements in the human existence, but they remain as they originally are. The body must be purified and liberated from Tamas; the vital being must be purified and liberated from Tamas and Rajas; the human mind should not only be purified and protected from Tamas and Rajas, but must also be transmuted to go beyond all its present limitations and blind habits, including the limitations of thought and reason. The form of body-life-mind must be freed from Ego and its tentacles and must be attuned to the Psychic Consciousness and transmuted by Its Consciousness and Light and Force and Joy.


According to Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, Moksha or Nirvana is not the Task before us, though that may come on our way. We need not or should not return to the Origin. Nor should we continue as the ordinary human beings, immersed in the clay and mud of Darkness, Ignorance, Inertia, in the blind animal nature and activities, in the lower vital passions and movements, in the atmosphere of jealousy, hatred, betrayal, enmity, clashes and feuds. Man has a long march ahead to be taken up, so that the new Supramental Race reigns upon earth. The Goal, as taught by Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, is to evolve into a New Being, the Supramental Being, as the New Consciousness, the Supramental Consciousness, has already descended on earth and has been active by now.

The human beings have emerged with the mental consciousness and he ought to realize and live and manifest the higher realms of the principle of Mind, from the plane of the Higher Mind to the highest mental principle of the Overmind. And then, he has to progressively march ahead towards the Supramental.


In the Way of living, as taught by Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, the Realization of the Psychic being is the beginning, but that is not the end. As it has been said, Man has to surpass himself, but not into Moksha or Nirvana, not into the Origin that was there before the beginning of the evolutionary process of becoming. As Sri Aurobindo has said, Man is transitional being. He is neither the Goal nor the highest height of Evolution. Evolution began with the emergence of Matter and will continue till the Sachchidananda, Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, the Supreme, manifests itself physically into a collectivity of the Divine Beings, into the Divine Race, the New Race.

After the Realization of the Psychic, after the Realization that I am He, Man has to change his Mind and Life and Body with the Psychic Light and Consciousness and Force. Not only he has to transmute his outer mind and life and body, but also the inner mind and life and body shall have to be changed. This is what Sri Aurobindo labels as the Psychic Transformation, which is the first step of the Triple Transformation needed for the Ascent of Man into the Supramental Being. 

As it has said earlier, after the Psychic Transformation, there begins the journey through the different levels of the principle of Mind — the Higher Mind, the Illumined Mind, the Intuitive Mind and the Overmind. Man has to ascend these heights of the higher levels of Mind, which far above the present ordinary human mind.

However, thereafter, Man has to surpass the principle of Mind altogether and ascend to the still higher realm of Consciousness and Force, the Supermind. Having ascended the Supramental Consciousness, Man reaches the final stage of his Journey, whereby he can fulfill the Task of the Supernature in the new and the next step of Evolution on earth.


Should the human race continue for ever to be as it is now, or as it has been continuing to be, since the coming of the Homo Sapiens on earth?

Indeed, in culture and in civilization, Man is growing more and more, getting refined and trained and reformed more and more. He is growing thoughts and mental constructions and also in physical-vital-mental habits and activities. But internally — from the inner viewpoint — the progress is small.

Sri Aurobindo has said:

In a certain sense, we are nothing but a complex mass of mental, nervous and physical habits held together by a few ruling ideas, desires and associations — an amalgam of many small self-repeating forces, with a few major vibrations. [Synthesis of Yoga, Chapter 20]

To almost all human beings, ‘unconscious’ ego is the major truth, and their existence revolves around the ego.  Ego shadows and covers the Soul within, and the cover of culture and civilization erects a beautiful and almost impenetrable construction around the Psychic hidden within, in such a way that it is imprisoned. And the lower vital and the gross physical further darkens the prison further.

We live, from the morning to the next morning, for satisfying our physical, vital and mental needs and cravings, following some opinions, some ideas, some limitations, some partial and limited understandings, without successfully trying to surpass our limitations, our shortcomings, our ignorance. We follow our political views and create enemies and enmity. We follow religions and create divisions and sub-divisions in mankind and fierce clashes and fights among the religious groups. Misunderstandings, enmity, intolerance, jealousy, apathy, hatred, envy, hostility, anger, cruelty, fierceness, pride, vanity, greed, lust, and the arrogance and importance of ego — these are the movements of the lower nature which has been predominant in man, individually and socially. These movements have been continuing in Man, since the inception of the human history. And all these are due to the animal background of Man.

However, in spite of all these weaknesses, Man has a yearning to live and manifest Truth, Wisdom, Love, Joy, Wideness, Freedom, Unselfishness, Compassion and Purity. And he has also a yearning  for conquest of Ignorance, Darkness and Inertia,  conquest of Lust, Greed and Anger, conquest of all hostility, enmity and cruelty. Man has a yearning for and an Aspiration for conquest of all these weaknesses and all these traits of the animal background. He aspires to touch, realize, live and manifest the Sublime influences which he meets sometimes, from the Highest Consciousness and Existence and from his own Innermost Being. He aspires to surpass himself and grow into a Higher Being.

That is because Man has a Divine possibility in him: to surpass the inherent animal nature in him and to manifest the innermost Divinity seated in him and to ascend to the Highest Divine Consciousness and Existence is the human Destiny. Man, as said by Sri Aurobindo, is a transitional being. He has to prepare and mould himself through a Sadhana, so that the Divine Possibility realizes Itself. Evolution progresses in Time and the present human manifestation is only a temporary phase, with a Golden Promise and Possibility.

Sri Aurobindo has said:
There are two main things to be secured as the foundations of sadhana -the opening of the psychic being and the realisation of the Self above. For the opening of the psychic being, concentration on the Mother and self-offering to her are the direct way for the self-realisation, peace and silence of the mind are the first condition. Afterwards one begins to feel release, freedom, wideness, to live in a consciousness silent, tranquil, untouched by any or all things, existing everywhere and in all, one with or united with the Divine. [Letters on Yoga]

The Mother is there to guide us ever. She has said:
In the depths of your consciousness is the psychic being, the temple of the Divine within you. This is the centre round which should come about the unification of all these divergent parts, all these contradictory movements of your being. Once you have got the consciousness of the psychic being and its aspiration, these doubts and difficulties can be destroyed. It takes more or less time, but you will surely succeed in the end. Once you have turned to the Divine, saying, “I want to be yours”, and the Divine has said, “Yes”, the whole world cannot keep you from it. When the central being has made its surrender, the chief difficulty has disappeared. The outer being is like a crust. In ordinary people the crust is so hard and thick that they are not so conscious of the Divine within them. If once, even for a moment only, the inner being has said, “I am here and I am yours”, then it is as though a bridge has been built little by little the crust becomes thinner and thinner until the two parts are wholly joined and the inner and the outer become one.

-THE MOTHER ( Vol.3, p. 7)

So, Man has to prepare himself, by conquering all the lower animal traits in him. And he has to realize in himself the Divine seated in his innermost being. He has to unveil the Psychic Being — which is his real self. And he has to transform himself, his outer nature and personality, in accordance with the Psychic Consciousness and Light and Force. That is the first Step towards the New Race.


Barindranath Chaki

[Slightly adapted from my previous publication on 11-03-2010 and 22-03-2010 elsewhere.]



All things shall change in God’s transfiguring hour

All things shall change in God’s transfiguring hour

The spiritual journey of Man has a revolutionary and evolutionary turning since Sri Aurobindo and Mira Alfassa, known as The Mother. They have given to Spirituality a totally new turn and meaning, a completely new purpose and value.

A true spirituality does not any more mean fleeing from the world and life. We need not go to the forest, forsaking the social life and ‘renouncing’ everything, and become a recluse or a monk or a sannyāsin, after you attain the fiftieth year of your life and then strive to attain nirvāna or moksha and be free from the cycle of birth and rebirth for ever. Thereby by doing so, we allow the world and creation to go on, as it is going on now, in spite of the attainment of nirvāna or moksha by several yogis, seekers, saints. The world continues to remain as it was, in ignorance and darkness, in suffering and struggle and death. After nirvāna or moksha, we still allow the Divine, the Supreme, to incarnate in human form several times, but we will regard the coming back as a bondage of ignorance.

As the principle of Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, the Divine, is Truth, then this Creation, which is but a Manifestation of the Divine, cannot be false. When we are a part of the Manifestation, there is no reason why should we withdraw ourselves from the Manifestation.
Here on earth, the Divine is manifesting Himself — through Evolution — from Matter to Mind, and then onwards towards the supramental race in a supramental world. This is Evolution. As Mind has evolved and is evolving, the principle of Supermind will also descend on earth and be evolved.

Evolution aims at ultimately manifesting That which is the Source of this Manifestation, the Supreme Existence-Consciousness-Bliss (in Sanskrit and other Indian languages, Sat-Chit-Ananda or Sachchidananda), the Divine. This principle of Existence-Consciousness-Bliss is involved in Matter. That has become Matter. What is involved in Matter, is being evolved.

The aim of Sri Aurobindo’s Yoga is not the attainment of nirvāna or moksha, not a freedom from the world and the cycles of birth and rebirth. The aim is not spiritual selfishness. The aim is not to say that others may continue to suffering, but we will leave this whirlpool.

However, we know that the mankind, along with this earth, is at present in a great turmoil and chaos and disharmony. There is unrest, struggle, warfare and violence everywhere.

Yet, man has the inborn capacity to conquer and master and transform all his imperfections and all darkness and ignorance around him, to grow into a creative, constructive, perfect and divinized higher being. The human society may also grow accordingly, conquering all darkness within and without, surpassing all racial, religious, linguistic, political and other artificial barriers, divisions and differences.

Sri Aurobindo and The Mother do not speak of the Realisation of the Divine, of the Soul or the Psychic being, but also of an integral transformation of the entire human personality — his mind, and life and body, also of his ascent to the several planes of the Superconscient and to the Supermind.

Sri Aurobindo and The Mother aims at the total transformation of the human existence and the world. They want to change the world, the human lot. They know the bright and joyous future that the Divine has designed for this earth. They told us : don’t leave this world, change this; don’t give up yourself, transform yourself.

This is the Truth. We must participate in this Truth. We must cooperate with the Divine. We must march onwards, by transforming ourselves, towards becoming the supramental race in a supramental world. That is the only Way now left for us, for the human beings.

Sri Aurobindo has said that the time has come when man must surpass himself. Man is not perfect. He is not complete. But he has the aspiration and dream for attaining perfection and completeness.

Out of Man, the Superman shall manifest. Man has to become the basis for the advent of the Superman. He has to become the Superman. The purpose of the appearance of man must now be fulfilled. Man’s surpassing himself will do that. Man has to collaborate with the new Evolution, or the evolutionary forces will ignore him and go beyond him and find out its own means.

If we do not accept the Truth, if we do not try to change ourselves and the World, if we choose to continue with Old World of ignorance and darkness, of suffering and struggle and death, then result of our choice will be the Abyss.

The Mother has told us :
Men, countries, continents!
The choice is imperative: Truth or the abyss.


This march onwards towards the Supramental Manifestation on earth is not only an Idea or Ideal only. This is not an abstract ‘spiritual’ teaching. It is a practical Truth, a practical necessity.

The Ascent to Supermind and the Descent of the Supramental Consciousness on earth makes the Evolution from Man to Superman possible.

Sri Aurobindo said:
“The supramental change is the thing decreed and inevitable in the evolution of the earth-consciousness; for its upward ascent is not ended and mind is not its last summit. But the change may arrive, take form and endure, there is needed the call from below with a will to recognise and not deny the Light when it comes, and there is needed the sanction of the Supreme from above.”

Supermind is out of reach of the common ordinary mind. But when Man reaches the higher regions of mind, namely the Higher Mind, the Illumined Mind, the Intuitive Mind, and then the Overmind, as defined by Sri Aurobindo, he can have the glimpses and the touch of Supermind. It may be very difficult, even appear to be impossible. But when the Supramental Consciousness is present on earth, things should be now easier, much easier.

Now the Supermind is actively present on earth. Let me quote the oft-quoted message of the Mother from Mother’s Agenda Vol.1:

First Supramental Manifestation
(During the common meditation on Wednesday
The 29th February 1956)

This evening the Divine Presence, concrete and material, was present amongst you. I had the form of a living gold, bigger than the universe, and I was facing a huge and massive golden door, which separated the world from the Divine.
As I looked at the door, I knew and willed in a single movement of consciousness, that ‘the time has come’, and lifting with both hands a mighty golden hammer I struck one blow on the door and the door was shattered to pieces.
And then the supramental Light and Force and Consciousness rushed down upon earth in an uninterrupted flow.

The Mother has said in this connection:

The Manifestation of the Supramental upon earth is no more a promise but a living fact, a reality. It is at work here, and one day will come when the most blind, the most unconscious, even the most unwilling shall be obliged to recognise it.


The Mother had a Dream which is materializing as Auroville.
In Her “The Dream” The Mother has written :

“There should be somewhere upon earth a place … where all human beings of goodwill, sincere in their aspiration, could live freely as citizens of the world, obeying one single authority, that of the supreme Truth; a place of peace, concord, harmony, where all the fighting instincts of man would be used exclusively to conquer the causes of his suffering and misery, to surmount his weakness and ignorance, to triumph over his limitations and incapacities; a place where the needs of the spirit and the care for progress would get precedence over the satisfaction of desires and passions, the seeking for pleasures and material enjoyments….

In brief, it would be a place where the relations among human beings, usually based almost exclusively upon competition and strife, would be replaced by relations of emulation for doing better, for collaboration, relations of real brotherhood.”

Barindranath Chaki

[Written anf posted elsewhere on.11-02-2007.]